The recent discovery of the supernova in the M82 galaxy is a great opportunity for good research paper topics for your astronomy class. For information for your term paper on this event or the formation or significance of supernovae in general, you can research recent science articles or look up keywords and search terms in a prominent science journal or website.
Astronomy students discover supernova
On January 21, 2014, a nearby supernova was discovered by astronomy students from the University of London Observatory. After doing preliminary checks on the popular cigar-shaped galaxy known as M82, students found a superbright star that was not there the week before. It was a Type 1a supernova—an exploded white dwarf star. Read more