In this article, we describe concentration camps and a list of concentration camps is provided with some information about each camp. During World War II and the Holocaust, many camps were set up throughout Europe. The purpose of the camps that were built later by the Third Reich, mostly between 1939 and 1942, was to keep large numbers of prisoners without trial or jury. The people who were held included Gypsies, Jews, war prisoners, Slaves, homosexuals, political dissidents, and many other groups that were considered “undesirable” socially, politically, or racially by the Nazi state.
The concentration camps were used to suppress these people. Besides concentration camps, extermination camps, labor camps and transit camps also existed, and some camps were a combination. For example, Vaivara was both a concentration camp and a transit camp. Read more