Boko Haram continued their campaign of terror on part of Africa, with another bombing in Nigeria in recent days. Suicide bombers attacked a village near Maiduguri, the capital of Borno state, while other members of the ISIS terrorist group shot and killed people in raids across Nigeria.
If you are looking for research paper topics in current events or for an African studies class, consider looking into the recent violent events that contributed to the rise of Boko Haram.
Who are Boko Haram?
The ISIS terrorist group first came on the scene with regular attacks in 2009. But the genesis of Boko Haram began in 2002 in Borno’s capital of Maiduguri under the leadership of the Islamist cleric Mohammed Yusuf. The group calls themselves Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’awati Wal-Jihad, which translates to “people committed to the propagation of the prophet’s teachings and jihad.” Another more colloquial translation of the group’s name is “Western education is sin.” The main aim of Boko Haram is to create a fully Islamic state in Nigeria and to implement Sharia law.
Over the years, the ISIS terrorist group has carried out countless attacks, including the use of suicide bombers, as well as kidnapping and other terrorist actions. The latest took place over several days in early July and included the six suicide bombers who attacked the village near Maiduguri and a raid on the fishing village of Kukawa, which claimed the lives of 97 people.
According to “Boko Haram kills ‘scores’ as it descends on Borno’s capital” by Kevin Conlon for CNN.com on July 4, 2015, on the same day as the Kukawa attack, armed militants entered a mosque in a nearby village, killing 48 more. Conlon added, “Borno state is the site of many atrocities by the ISIS-aligned terror group, including the abduction of more than 200 schoolgirls from the town of Chibok in 2014.”
Bombing in Nigeria
The latest attacks by Boko Haram throughout Nigeria have come during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. Muslims are not supposed to eat or drink from sunrise to sunset during this holy period of fasting and prayer. Additionally during Ramadan, Muslims are supposed to avoid impure thoughts and bad behavior.
In “Boko Haram Raids Kill More Than 100 in ‘Reclaimed’ Region of Nigeria,” posted on Slate.com July 3, 2015, Beth Ethier shared more updates on government responding to the latest round of violence in the region. “President Muhammadu Buhari’s government had carried out airstrikes against Boko Haram after this week’s attacks, and the defense ministry announced on Thursday that a businessman involved in the Chibok kidnapping had been arrested,” she wrote.
Growth of the ISIS terrorist group
The reach of Boko Haram does extend beyond Nigeria, affecting neighboring Cameroon as well as Chad and Niger. The reaction of President Buhari against the latest bombing in Nigeria follows a coordinated effort between the countries, which began to see signs of success in the spring.
According to “Regional Collaboration Yields Results in Fight against Boko Haram: The Recent Surge against Boko Haram and Other Terrorist Cells in Nigeria and Central Africa Is Showing Signs of Success” from the April 2015 issue of African Business, the efforts to push back against suicide bombers and other terrorist attacks have made real headway. “A ground-breaking agreement was reached middle of February at an extraordinary session of the Conference of Heads of State and Government of the Council for Peace and Security in Central Africa (COPAX) in Yaounde,” the writer stated.
Cameroon and Chad appeared to have taken the lead in the efforts, with the President of Cameroon clearly stating that the fight was against the ISIS terrorist group and its rejection of civilization’s values, not Islam itself.
Will Nigeria and the other countries continue to gain ground against the ISIS terrorist group Boko Haram? Let us know your thoughts in the comments.