On Thursday, February 21, 2014 a Miami woman performed infant CPR on her 5-month-old nephew, saving his life. The medical emergency came about because the infant, Sebastian de la Cruz, was born premature and suffered from respiratory issues. Later, the boy’s aunt, Pamela Rauseo, explained that although it had been years since she learned CPR technique, she was able to recall the skill. Would you be able to recognize an emergency and respond with aid? Here are a few facts to know about CPR that might help you in selecting a good research paper topic in health and medicine.
Drama on the Dolphin Expressway
While driving her SUV down the Dolphin Expressway in Miami, Pamela Rauseo became alarmed when her five-month-old nephew, who had been crying, suddenly grew silent and lost consciousness. The baby, who suffered from respiratory issues, had been fighting a chest infection. Rauseo lost no time in pulling over and seeking help. As she performed CPR on her nephew, others raced to her aid, including Miami Herald photographer Al Diaz, who flagged down a patrol car.
The drama was described by Tim O’Connor in his February 21, 2014 article for the New York Daily News, “Miracle in Miami: Baby who stopped breathing helped by news photog, other Good Samaritans.”
According to O’Connor, CPR was performed on the infant by Rauseo, motorist Lucila Godoy, and officer Amauris Bastidasy.
“Together, Bastidasy, and Godoy got the baby breathing. And then to their horror, Sebastian stopped breathing again,” O’Connor wrote. After emergency workers arrived, “Godoy and the emergency workers started another round of CPR and got little Sebastian breathing before emergency responders arrived to take him to a hospital.”
The baby was taken to Jackson Memorial Hospital where he was received in stable condition.
CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. If you’ve ever seen someone perform CPR you’ll recall that part of the technique involves clearing the airway and doing mouth-to-mouth breathing. But in 2008 the American Heart Association (AHA) released a statement endorsing a hands-only method of chest compression for use in cases of apparent cardiac arrest.
The hands-only method was described by Barb Berggoetz in her article for the July-August 2008 issue of The Saturday Evening Post, “Hands-Only CPR: Skip the Mouth-to-Mouth Breathing-Experts Now Recommend Hands-Only CPR for Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Adults.” “The association’s move to approve what it calls hands-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation—without using mouth-to-mouth breathing—comes after three large studies in 2007 found the method just as effective as conventional CPR when used by bystanders on adult cardiac arrest victims,” Berggoetz explained.
As in all emergencies, the first step is to have someone call 9-1-1 for help. Then apply the compression technique until either professional help arrives or an automated external defibrillator (AED) is available to restore the heart’s normal rhythm.
Do you know what to do?
If you encountered a medical emergency would you know what to do? Jeanie Lerche Davis offered advice for handling common emergencies in her article for WebMD.com, “5 Emergencies: Do You Know What to Do?”
In any emergency the first step is to stay calm and call 9-1-1 for help. It’s likely that the operator may be able to talk you through CPR while you wait for professional help to arrive. As for the five emergencies, they are:
- dizziness/fainting: check to see if the person is breathing and has a pulse. If not, start CPR. Otherwise stay with the person and make them comfortable until help arrives.
- chest pain: assume it’s a heart attack. Is the person breathing? Is there a pulse? If not, start CPR.
- choking: if the person choking can make a noise, they can breathe. Don’t take any action to help unless the person is unable to make a sound and is turning red. In that case perform the Heimlich maneuver.
- bleeding: several parts of the body will bleed profusely when cut such as the scalp, fingers and toes. Bleeding can be a serious issue for anyone with high blood pressure. Put direct pressure on the site and seek professional help.
- seizure: any seizure warrants medical attention. After you call 9-1-1, wait for paramedics. Make sure that the seizure victim doesn’t injure themselves, but be careful that they don’t hurt you.
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