The International Day of Peace, a.k.a. “Peace Day” provides an opportunity for individuals, organizations and nations to create practical acts of peace on a shared date.
In 1981, the United Nations General Assembly, by unanimous vote, adopted Resolution 36/67 establishing the International Day of Peace (IDP) which stated in part, “…to devote a specific time to concentrate the efforts of the United Nations and its Member States, as well as the whole of mankind, to promoting the ideals of peace and to giving positive evidence of their commitment to peace in all viable ways.” The first Peace Day was celebrated in September 1982 on the opening day of the General Assembly.
In 2002 the UN General Assembly officially declared September 21 as the permanent annual date for the International Day of Peace. To celebrate International Day of Peace, we dug up our very best content on international peace movements and are opening it up for free to our readers for a whole month! We hope you enjoy it!
“Peace Man; He’s Responsible for the UN’s International Peace Day, and Celebrities and Politicians Line Up to Support Him. Jeremy Gilley Tells Alison Roberts What It Took to Make September 21 So Special“
The Evening Standard (London, England). September 20, 2011.
When Jeremy Gilley first began his Peace One Day movement, he and his mates would hold fundraising gigs and poetry readings in west London pubs and town halls for “a couple of hundred quid here and there”. [...] He thought the project — an attempt to unite every country of the world in a single day each year of peace and nonviolence — would last a year at most. Twelve years on, Gilley has seen the UN unanimously pass Resolution 55/282, which officially designates September 21 as that day of peace; he’s seen thousands of medical workers vaccinate 4.5 million children in Afghanistan over successive years as a direct result of a mutual ceasefire on the 21st by both the Western allies and the Taliban; he has visited 76 countries to press his case; and now he is planning the biggest gathering of humans ever recorded, and what he hopes will be the biggest global reduction in violence, as an extraordinary finale to the Olympics next year.
Charles DeBenedetti – Author
Publisher: Indiana University Press. Place of publication: Bloomington. Publication year: 1980.
As the United States tries to grapple with the Soviet downing of the Korean 747, multiple conflicts in Central America and the Middle East, war in Afghanistan, and potential problems in Africa and elsewhere, Charles DeBenedetti’s concise and comprehensive survey of the peace movement or movements in American history is more timely than ever. “DeBenedetti … has produced the new synthesis which peace scholarship has so long needed.”
Harriet Hyman Alonso – Author
Publisher: Syracuse University Press. Place of publication: Syracuse, NY. Publication year: 1993.
This important book fills a gap in the history of American women. Using archival and secondary sources, Alonso (Fitchburg State Coll.) traces the growth of the feminist peace movement from its 19th-century roots to the present. The first comprehensive history of this topic, the book analyzes and discusses the numerous organizations through which women have worked for peace, most prominently the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom. Alonso also focuses on local organizations like the New York branch of the Woman’s Peace Party and highlights the leadership roles of women like Emily Balch, Carrie Catt, and Jane Addams. Uniting the narrative with key themes such as the connection between militarism and violence against women, Alonso concludes with an illuminating discussion of contemporary developments, e.g., the 1980s peace encampments and the role of the United Nations in fostering global feminist consciousness on this issue. For academic and large public libraries.
Review by Marie Marmo Mullaney, Caldwell Coll., N.J.
Copyright 1992 Reed Business Information, Inc.
Martin Ceadel – Author
Publisher: Oxford University. Place of publication: Oxford. Publication year: 1996
This book makes an original contribution to international relations and British politics. It identifies for the first time the dominant pre-modern theory of international relations, which fatalistically assumed that war was beyond human control. It then shows how this theory was undermined from the 1730s onwards, with the consequence that a debate began about how best to prevent war in which a vocal minority argued that war as an institution for settling disputes could be abolished.
Cecelia Lynch – Author
Publisher: Cornell University Press. Place of publication: Ithaca, NY. Publication year: 1999.
The interwar peace movements were, according to conventional interpretations, naive and ineffective. More seriously, the standard histories have also held that they severely weakened national efforts to resist Nazi Germany and Stalinist Russia. Cecelia Lynch provides a long-overdue reevaluation of these movements. Throughout the work she challenges these interpretations, particularly regarding the postwar understanding of Realism, which forms the basis of core assumptions in international relations theory.